Category: DIY Aquarium Projects

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So I got a great deal on some Java Fern mattes and decided that these plants would never survive the appetite of Tropheus, a species of African cichlid that loves to devour anything green.  After some time though I’ve decided to add them to my sump to help filter the water and hopefully keep the nitrates down in the tank. I took some quick photos so you can see how I did it.

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First I laid them all out on a piece of egg crate fluorescent light fixture covering, but I’m sure you could use many different types of anchor systems.

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Then I used a safety pin to make feeding the thread through the grate and roots much easier.

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Be careful not to tie them too tight or you’ll split the rhizome (root), and possibly damage it. Java fern and other species with rhizomes require good water flow across the roots, otherwise the rhizome will rot and melt away. The egg crate does a great job of keeping the plants out of the muck and insuring that nutrient rich water can get all around the roots. Java ferns also feed through the leaves so it’s best to keep them submerged or in 100% humidity.

Good luck with your planting!

 

I have known many aquarium hobbyist who have experimented with a wide variety of fish tank back grounds.

There are tons of options on the market from model diorama taken from actual aquascapes in nature.

Click the image to learn more about the build of this tank on www.cichildae.com

There also the adhesive kind that stick to the back of your tank. These come in all sorts of photo backgrounds featuring live plants

stones, corals,

fish…

Wrapping paper, very modern, nice, but it melts pretty quickly with the humidity.

and some very strange ones to say the least…

Hmm… Not sure what to make of this one.

As hard as they try, I find these tank backgrounds to be way to busy and artificial looking and totally detract from the beauty of your fish.

Some gifted people have even hand drawn their own backgrounds like the Staley family. Click the picture to see more.

Here’s another….City fishers….

These backgrounds all cost money. Sometimes you just need a quick fix to hide some unsightly wires or cables. Here’s a cheap DIY fish tank background tip : use plastic garbage bags taped to the OUTSIDE of the tank. Even though the bags are waterproof, you shouldn’t put them in your tank just in case they have been treated with bactericide or anti-rot agents.

Trash bags come in all kinds of colors like white, red, orange, brown, blue, yellow…

and of course my favorite, black.

As a rule of thumb, the lighter colored trash bags will reflect more light and will be better for growing aquatic plants.

I believe these are two the great aquascaper genius Takashi Amano’s tanks. Notice the airy spacious feel with the lighter colored backgrounds.

The dark bags will absorb more light, giving the tank a more deep water look and make the fish feel more comfortable. This goes for the majority of backgrounds.

I find the dark colors work best for most fish, but white looks really great for saltwater marine tanks, especially once algae and other micro organisms populate the glass.

The air pockets, folds and wrinkles will create depth as the algae grows on the back wall of your tank. Before you know it, you’ll forget all about the trash bags.

The best part is that you can change your background for the cost of pennies with no fuss.

What are you using for an aquarium back ground right now? Please leave us a comment and tell us about it, the more pictures the better!

DIY Wet Dry / Trickle Filter Tower

 

There is no arguing the benefits you get from a DIY trickle style filter coupled with a sump.

More Water

Every extra gallon of water you add in a sump further dilutes toxins such as Ammonia and nitrites, and will increase the amount of time necessary between water changes, or simply create a cleaner environment for your pets.

More Filter Power

The DIY trickle filter has the ability to support overstocked tanks more effectively than any hang on back or cartridge style filter available commercially. With real estate measured in square feet and not inches the filter medium can support gigantic bacterial colonies  in comparison.

As water trickles through the filter, it’s surface tension is broken maximizing oxygen levels in the water.  Since the filter medium is in contact with oxygen, it creates a desirable home for aerobic bacteria to colonize and break down tank waste.

Low Maintenance

Many aquarium hobbyists soon become board of replacing expensive proprietary filter cartridges. This trickle filter only needs a rinse perhaps every six months to a year and is inexpensive to build and maintain. After the initial investment in “pot scubbies” , there are no pads or cartridges to replace.

One of the few drawbacks of traditional trickle filter systems is the amount of space that they occupy. Traditionally a DIY trickle filter would resemble a chest of drawers with the water trickling from the top drawer to the bottom drawer or sump where it would be returned to the tank. Each level would have various types of media to filter and remove large debris, and then smaller particles, and finally toxins through the aerobic bacteria. In this DIY, having the trickle filter component contained in the large pvc pipe keeps the whole system compact, and minimizes evaporation.

If  you are not familiar with my DIY overflow system, now would be a good time to read this article, as this trickle filter uses bits of the overflow.

Parts List. These are the parts that I used. Feel free to experiment with what ever you have lying around. That is the beauty of DIY,  everything is customizable!

Parts List

  • 5 1/2 inch Diameter PVC pipe  around 4 -5 feet in length
  • Large HBH Veggie flake container or comparable food safe container (Ie: yogurt container)
  • 1 inch Drain Bulk Head
  • 5 1/2 inch Cap for your PVC pipe I prefer black, but the blue one was cheaper and contrasted well in the photos.
  • More than enough pot scrubbies to fill the pipe
  • Smaller diameter PVC pipe and matching end cap that  will be used as the intake for the overflow inside the tank.
  • Needle point screen or some other barrier to keep tank inhabitants out of your overflow.
  • 10 Gallon or larger aquarium or sump container. Bigger is better. Depending on the room you have available, even a large Rubbermaid tub will work exceptionally well. I chose the 10 gallon because it just barely fit on the bottom of my fish tank stand.
  • Return Pump that is strong enough to return the filtered water from the sump tank to the main tank above it. Usually 4-5 feet. In my opinion bigger is also better here.  Extra flow can always be adjusted and limited down the road.

Construction

First off we’ll setup the parts in mock up, so that we can get our measurements right. Place the PVC pipe in your sump tank and place it directly beside or behind your aquarium setup  This pipe should be cut to nearly the height of your tank.

Once you have you PVC pipe cut  you are ready to drill some one inch holes around the base. Put the cap on the bottom before you drill the holes just to make sure they are above the cap. It really doesn’t matter what size of hole you drill. Just be sure that they are large enough to ensure good flow, yet small enough that your filter media doesn’t strain through.

Next we create the “jug” portion  of the overflow. you need a container that will nest in the top of your PVC tube. I used the container from a popular veggie fish food. It just happened to fit perfectly in the top. I have  also used yogurt or sour cream containers saved from the recycling bin successfully. Sometimes its easy to forget the “Reuse”  is the second of the 3 R’s of recycling (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle).

 

What ever you use make sure it won’t fall into the pvc pipe and that it can hold at least 750ml of yougurt,  because you will need the depth to control water levels in the overflow.

 

Install some form of bulk head or stand pipe in the bottom of the container.  I used two in in an experiment to reduce the gurgling drain sound. It works quite well so far, but you can use a single drain of at least 3/4  inch.

 

For bio-media this trickle filter well be using pot “scrubbies”  or plastic dish scrubbers commonly found at the dollar store or cleaning aisles. These woven plastic sponges have a huge surface area for bacteria to colonize, and best of all will never have to be replaced,Probably for hundreds of years to come….

Fill around 80% of the PVC tube with pot scrubbies or filter media. You want a filter material that is coarse with a large surface area. I’ve tried using polyester floss to “polish” the water, but found that it clogged the filter too quickly and inhibited the flow of water. I imagine that commercial solutions such as “bio-balls” would work as well.

Insert the container into the loaded PVC tube and stand the pipe in the corner of your sump. In my setup I used a 10 gallon aquarium as a sump for a 55 gallon tank. I usually fill the sump with an indiscriminate amount of pot scrubbies as well. They collect mulm nearly as well as the scrubbies in the trickle filter, helping to clarify the water. Make sure your sump is covered. This will keep the water from evaporating and keep any critters out. I used white Coroplast to fashion this aquarium lid.

Next well cut the smaller diameter pvc tube to length and put a cap on the base. Wrap the needle point screen around the top and zip tie it together. This will keep fish and larger debris out of the overflow.

Place the overflow intake in the aquarium adjacent to the PVC trickle tube. The height of the intake  sets the water level in your tank,  I find that if i need a little adjustment, I can loosen the bottom cap or tighten it.

Put your vinyl tubes into place in the top of the overflow container. DO NOT CONNECT THEM TO THE BULKHEADS. The vinyl tube should be loose on the bottom. Insert a length of air hose tubing halfway into your vinyl tube and connect the other end to a power head venturi valve.

You are ready to start your overflow. To prime the overflow, pour a cup or two of water into the veggie container so that the water starts to drain down through the bulkhead.

Maintenance

As usual always monitor your DIY project for the first few days/weeks/months to ensure that no domestic disasters can occur. Don’t put more water in the system than you have to. When topping up my tank, I fill it until it is about 3/4 full. This way if the power ever goes out that last little bit of water leaving the tank won’t flood your fish room.

I usually clean out the scrubbies at about the 6 month mark. I’ll dump the scrubbies into a bucket of tank water and stir them around to  loosen the majority of the mulm. Make sure that you don’t clean the pot scrubbies too well or you’ll risk upsetting the bacteriological component of the filter.

well seasoned  pot scrubbies,  and the cleaned ones below.

Hopefully i’ve helped you conceive a new filter of your own. I’ll try to answer all your questions in the comments, I would love to see what you have come up with too, so don’t be shy!

 

  1. Rohan Kapoor on 01 Aug 2010 at 3:45 pm #Hi Marcel,

    Just bought a 120 gallon fish tank and am trying to build a setup that will be able to support 3 Oscars. Thinking about using a 22 gallon Rubbermaid tote as the filtration box with a 5-1/2 inch PVC pipe pulling water in.

    Do you think that this will have enough filtration to support three Oscars? Would a bigger tote be needed for a 120 gallon tank? Would you add two 22 gallon filters for the tank?

    Thanks!

  2. Marcel on 19 Aug 2010 at 9:43 pm #Hello Rohan,
    I think the 22 gallon Rubbermaid tub would be fine for your purposes. You have a large tank for three fish, even if they are Oscars, but keep in mind the more water the better in any aquarium system. Let us know how you make out!